A masterpiece of medieval town, rich in historical and artistic heritage as well as in ancient traditions, that can be found intact in its folklore and products. This is Gubbio, the oldest town in Umbria region, as shown by the Tables of Gubbio, housed in the City Museum, and the Roman Theatre's ruins. The medieval district was outlined mainly during the fourteenth century, which marked the utmost developing period of the city, as shown i.e. by the magnificent Palazzo dei Consoli (Consular Palace), designed by Angelo from Orvieto. The imposing facade, divided into three sections by vertical pilasters, presents, at the opposite side, a staircase leading to the entrance portal. The palace overlooks an amazing hanging square, delimited on the other side by the Praetorian Palace. It is worth a visit to the Cathedral, with its facade decorated with symbols of the Evangelists: eagle, lion, angel and bull. It is constituted by an interior with a nave, supported by ten large arches, with interesting works by Nucci and Ghepardi and “The Piety” by Dono Doni. The Palazzo Ducale (Ducal Palace) rises in front of the Cathedral Dome. It is a Renaissance building built at the request of Federico da Montefeltro, designed by Francesco di Giorgio Martini from Siena. The study of the duke is reproduced exactly like the original, which is, however, exhibited at the Metropolitan Museum in New York. There is also a very beautiful inner courtyard.
Suggested itineraries in the surroundings
Between art and spirituality, a visit to the Medieval town of Assisi is essential; a UNESCO World Heritage Site,its represents “a series of masterpieces of man‘s creative spirit.” Everything revolves around its most renowned citizen, St. Francis, Patron Saint of Italy: from the Basilica, which is dedicated to the Saint and contains his tomb, to the hermitage (Eremo delle Carceri), a few kilometers outside the town walls, where St. Francis used to retreat in prayer. Near Assisi Spello is considered one of the treasures of Umbria, rich in history, monuments and works of art such as those by Pinturicchio. Montefalco, near Foligno, is considered the “balcony” of Umbria (a scenic overlook), because wherever you look from this hill, you can enjoy a view of the whole valley. The Church of Saint Francis with its convent is also worth a visit. Built during the 14th century, it contains many frescoes, including “Storie e Vita di San Francesco” (about the saint’s life), by Benozzo Bozzoli, the most famous paintings on this subject after those in Assisi. Perugia, Umbria’s main city dates back to Antiquity and is composed of a higher section on the hill, whence the Medieval villages spread out on its slopes. The historic center teems with cultural and architectural masterpieces, with one of the most extensive museum collections in Italy.